Australia is a country and continent surrounded by the Indian and Pacific oceans. Its major cities – Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth, Adelaide – are coastal. Its capital, Canberra, is inland. The country is known for its Sydney Opera House, the Great Barrier Reef, a vast interior desert wilderness called the Outback, and unique animal species like kangaroos and duck-billed platypuses.
Capital : Canberra Dialing code : +61
Population : 23.78 million (2015) World Bank
Currency : Australian Dollar
Australia is the 6th largest country in the world, covering around 7.6 million square kilometers – about the same size as continental USA. Australia is a multi-cultural region and allow the foreigners and immigrants to be the part of their civilization and can become the permanent resident.
The purpose of the skilled migration scheme is to attract people with skills, which would be of benefit to Australia. If successful in applying for skilled migration, you will be granted permanent residence. In order to be eligible for skilled migration, you or your spouse must be able to satisfy the following basic requirements:
- Age: You must be under 45 years of age when you apply
- English language: You must have sufficient ability in the English language for working in Australia. This is known as vocational English
- Qualifications: You must have post-secondary (such as university or trade) qualifications, or in a small number of cases, substantial relevant work experience. You must get your skills assessed by the relevant Australian assessing body.
- Occupation: You must nominate a skilled occupation, which fits your skills and qualifications. The nominated occupation must be in the Skilled Occupations List.
- Recent Work Experience: Generally you need to show that you have worked in a skilled occupation for a set period of time. The amount of relevant work experience you must have is dependent on the occupation that you nominate. If you are an international student you may qualify for a waiver of this requirement.
The Department of Border Protection allow the immigrants, come to Australia under the following categories;
- Independent Category (Subclass 189)
The independent Category (subclass 189) was introduced to cater the skill shortfalls in the Australian Economy. It is a Permanent Residency Visa and falls under the Australian immigration point based system. Applicants must furnish that they possess the qualification or the skills of an occupation in the Skill Occupation List (SOL). Applicants do not need any sponsorship from some employer, Family, State and Territory Government nomination. Skilled independent category (Subclass 189) applicants are required to obtain a minimum of 60-points on the skill assessment.
- State Nomination Category (Sub Class 190)
This is a Permanent Resident category which is an option to the individuals who cannot meet the skilled Independent criteria and for those applicants whose occupation is not in the Skilled Occupation List (SOL1). The basic requirement of this category to get a sponsorship from a state/territory in Australia. Applicant should also meet the points system by scoring 60-points. This category is designed by the Australian Govt. to address skill shortages in particular state/territory in Australia.
Under the state nomination category applicant must live for 2-years in the specific state from which he/she has been nominated.
- Provisional Nominee Program (Sub Class 489)
Provisional Category, this visa is granted for a period of 4-years, who cannot meet the skilled immigration criteria. This visa provides you the pathway to permanent residency in Australia.
The basic requirement of this of this category to get the sponsorship either from a sponsoring state or territory regional area or eligible relative living in a designated area. Applicants should also meet the point system criteria by scoring 60-points, including the points from the relatives, state sponsorship. This category is designed by the Australian government to address the skill shortages in the designated areas of Australia.
Under the Skilled Regional Sponsorship category the applicant must spent first 2-years and work for at least 12-months in a specific or designated regional area of Australia, this is a mandatory condition to further apply for a Permanent Residency.